Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno
The Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno or the Black Nazarene image of Quiapo in Manila has one of the most popular devotions in the Philippines. Every 9 January, devotees converge at the grounds of the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene to commemorate the translacion, or transfer of the image from the second Recollect Church in Intramuros to its current location in 1787.
The image was brought to the country by the Augustinian Recollects when they first arrived in 1606. It was said that it turned black when it caught fire during the voyage. The Recollect Fathers promoted the devotion to the suffering Christ and in 1621, the Cofradia de Santo Cristo Jesus Nazareno was established. Two papal bulls, one in 1650, establishing the confraternity and one in the 19th century, granting plenary indulgence, further helped spread the devotion.
Today, fanatical devotees often suffer bodily harm, cuts and bruises, and sometimes, death, as they try to move closer to touch the image in the hope of a miracle as the carriage bearing the image follows its yearly route to the basilica. It is also carried out during the Good Friday procession.